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    Auditor Change and Auditor Choice in Nonprofit Organizations
    research summary posted April 16, 2012 by The Auditing Section, last edited May 25, 2012, tagged 03.0 Auditor Selection and Auditor Changes, 03.01 Auditor Qualifications 
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    Title:
    Auditor Change and Auditor Choice in Nonprofit Organizations
    Practical Implications:

    The results of this study confirm the importance of management reputation issues in auditor change decisions, while also extending our understanding of nonprofit organizations.  For nonprofits, a change in auditor is more likely when the organization’s operational structure changes.  As the organization grows and becomes more reliant on federal funding, the likelihood of changing auditors, particularly to bigger audit firms, increases.

    Citation:

    Tate, S. L., 2007. Auditor changes and auditor choice in nonprofit organizations.  Auditing:  A Journal of Practice & Theory 26 (1): 47-70.

    Keywords:
    Auditor switching, auditor choice, nonprofit organizations
    Purpose of the Study:

    Accounting frauds of the early 2000’s coupled with the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“SOX”) resulted in increased focus on the role of the independent auditor in monitoring public companies.  Although the new SOX rules were not directed at nonprofit organizations, the public support of these organizations suggests that adequate levels of monitoring are also important in this sector.  This study specifically evaluates the auditor choice decisions of nonprofit organizations.

    Design/Method/ Approach:

    The author uses publicly available data for the years 1998 through 2002 to examine the effects of operational structure, management reputation and contracting, and audit fees on a nonprofit organization’s choice of auditor and decision to change auditors.

    Findings:
    • Consistent with prior research from other sectors, the author finds that management reputation and audit fees are important in the decision to change auditors. 
    • The author finds that changes to the organization’s operational structure, including revenue sources and resource uses, are important factors in the decision to change auditors.
    • The author also finds that organization size is an important factor in selecting a large audit firm over another smaller audit firm.  Changes in revenue sources, resource uses, leverage, and management contracting as well as management reputation may also be factors in the selection of the auditor.
    Category:
    Auditor Selection and Auditor Changes
    Sub-category:
    Auditor Qualifications (e.g. size - industry expertise)
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