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    Audit Firms’ Client Acceptance Decisions: Does P...
    research summary posted July 18, 2016 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 02.0 Client Acceptance and Continuance, 05.0 Audit Team Composition, 05.02 Industry Expertise – Firm and Individual 
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    Title:
    Audit Firms’ Client Acceptance Decisions: Does Partner-Level Industry Expertise Matter?
    Practical Implications:

     This paper contributes to the literature on auditor industry expertise in many ways. First, it extends previous studies on this topic to examine whether industry specialists demonstrate different risk preferences in client acceptance decisions. The finding that partner-level industry specialists are more likely to accept less risky clients may partly explain why industry specialists have better quality clients.

    Citation:

    Hsieh, Y., and Lin C. 2016. Audit Firms’ Client Acceptance Decisions: Does Partner-Level Industry Expertise Matter? Auditing: A Journal of Practice and Theory 35 (2): 97-120.

    Keywords:
    partner-level industry specialization, client acceptance decision, and Big N auditors
    Purpose of the Study:

    Recently, audit firms have paid more attention to client acceptance decisions due to increased litigation risk. As a result more and more studies have investigated what goes into making this important decision. However, most prior studies examine whether auditors evaluate client risk characteristics when making client portfolio management decisions and whether auditors change their portfolio management strategies in response to changed in response to changes in litigation liability. Few studies have examined the impact of auditor characteristics other than accounting firm size. Auditors with different attributes could have different risk considerations in making client portfolio management decisions. In fact, previous studies have suggested that auditors use industry experience as a risk management strategy to mitigate risk on client portfolio management decisions because industry specialists provide high-quality audits and thus decrease litigation risk and reflect a good client-auditor match. Audit firms make large investments in specialized industries, so specialist auditors have an incentive to shed risky clients to avoid litigation risk and protect their reputation; hence, whether audit firms use industry expertise as a risk management strategy to mitigate the effect of risk is an empirical issue. The authors of this paper hope to explore whether industry specialization affects the association between risk considerations and client acceptance decisions. 

    Design/Method/ Approach:

    The sample is restricted to Taiwanese listed companies audited by Big N audit firms from 1999 to 2010. The final sample contains 9,337 observations. A Client Acceptance Decision Model was created to examine the effect of auditor industry expertise on firms’ risk consideration when making client acceptance decisions. 

    Findings:
    • The authors find that auditors are less likely to accept clients with audit risk higher than that of existing clients.
    • The authors find that firm-level industry expertise has no significant effect on the association between risk consideration and client acceptance decisions.
    • The authors find that partner-level industry specialists alone are less likely to accept clients with higher financial risk or higher audit risk, which supports the hypothesis that partner-level industry specialization affects the association between risk factors and client acceptance decisions. No evidence is found that firm-level industry expertise alone affects risk considerations in client acceptance decisions. 
    Category:
    Audit Team Composition, Client Acceptance and Continuance
    Sub-category:
    Industry Expertise – Firm and Individual