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    Chief Audit Executives Assessment of Internal Auditors’ P...
    research summary posted February 17, 2015 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 13.0 Governance, 13.07 Internal auditor role and involvement in controls and reporting, 14.0 Corporate Matters, 14.11 Audit Committee Effectiveness 
    Chief Audit Executives Assessment of Internal Auditors’ Performance Attributes by Professional Rank and Cultural Cluster
    Practical Implications:

    These results suggest that a generic profile for internal auditors, regardless of industry, may be in order. However, for a small minority of the attributes for which industry may have effects, industry-specific guidance may be appropriate. This conclusion suggests future studies of industry-specific effects for the purpose of developing industry-specific guidance. The IIA’s (2009) Internal Auditor Competency Framework has no industry-specific guidance, and it has indicated that such information will be added when available.

    An interesting finding in the study is that attributes such as financial analysis, research skills, and statistical sampling that have theoretical appeal to the practice of internal auditing were not selected by the CAEs as most important attributes. This result may be an artifact of limiting the selection of the attributes to the top five from each category of behavioral, technical, and competencies. The differences may also be due to the effects of culture.

    For more information on this study, please contact Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi


    Abdolmohammadi, M.J. 2012. Chief Audit Executives Assessment of Internal Auditors’ Performance Attributes by Professional Rank and Cultural Cluster. Behavioral Research in Accounting 24(1): 1-23.

    internal auditor attributes; professional rank; culture
    Purpose of the Study:

    This study explores chief audit executives’ perceptions of the most important performance attributes of internal auditors by professional rank and cultural cluster. Specifically, I investigated the following research questions:

    1. What are the most important performance attributes of internal auditors?
    2. Does the importance of performance attributes differ by internal auditors’ professional rank?
    3. Does the importance of performance attributes of internal auditors differ by cultural cluster?
    Design/Method/ Approach:

    The source of data for this study is the IIA’s CBOK (2006) database. This database contains responses from internal auditors of varying ranks practicing in over 100 countries. The IIARF developed this database in 2006 as a comprehensive study of the current state of the internal auditing profession worldwide. The data collected range from personal attributes of internal auditors (e.g., education), to the characteristics of their organizations (e.g., number of employees), to the internal and external quality assessment of the internal audit function. Included are data on 43 performance attributes of internal auditors.

    I identified 19 countries that could be classified into five distinct cultural clusters for investigation. Specifically, two criteria were used to select countries for the current study. First, the country to be selected had to be clearly identifiable with a specific cultural cluster. Second, to be included, a cultural cluster had to be represented by at least ten observations in the CBOK (2006) database so as to have sufficient data for statistical analysis. The resulting sample used in this study consists of 1,497 responses from CAEs in 19 countries classified into five distinct cultural clusters. The Anglo-Saxon cluster has the largest number of CAE responses with 913 observations, while the East-European cluster has only 58 responses. Within various clusters, Venezuela, with seven responses, has the smallest sample size, and the U.S., with 760 responses, has the largest sample size.


    The results show that while leadership attributes increase in importance by professional rank, technical skills generally decrease in importance by professional rank. The results also indicate that importance of performance attributes differs by cultural cluster. Robustness of the main results were confirmed through various multivariate analyses, where significant interaction effects between cultural cluster and professional rank were found. However, industry-specific analysis indicated no pattern of industry differences for the vast majority of performance attributes.

    Corporate Matters, Governance
    Audit Committee Effectiveness, Internal auditor role and involvement in controls and reporting