Auditing Section Research Summary Database

A Database of Auditing Research - Building Bridges with Practice

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Professionalism and Performance Incentives in Accounting...
    research summary posted July 24, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 11.13 Partner incentive schemes in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Professionalism and Performance Incentives in Accounting Firms
    Practical Implications:

    The authors of the study state that it will be vital for accounting firms to ensure that partner incentive schemes align incentives with values of the accounting profession.  This issue gains greater importance as mid-tier firms adopt such performance-based profit sharing models in their attempts to stay competitive with Big 4 firms because the new incentives they face represent a risk to their culture and values.  Although the current models appear to measure and weigh both commercial success and professional values, these models represent a significant change from the past when mid-tier firms used lock-step approaches that incentivized partners to follow professional values.  These findings are of interest to accounting firms and regulators as they consider the impact of partner incentive schemes on audit quality.

    Citation:

    Coram, P. J., and M. J. Robinson. 2017. Professionalism and Performance Incentives in Accounting Firms. Accounting Horizons 30 (4): 103-123.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Auditor Choice and Audit Fees in Family Firms:Evidence from...
    research summary posted July 20, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 04.02 Impact of Fees on Decisions by Auditors & Management in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Auditor Choice and Audit Fees in Family Firms:Evidence from the S&P 1500
    Practical Implications:

    This study provides policy-makers and practitioners with critical insight into differences in auditor selection criteria between family and non-family firms and differences in the severity of their agency conflicts between shareholders and managers and also between family owners and minority shareholders.

    Our empirical evidence also sheds light on how family firms view and value the external audit and whether they are selecting auditors on price or quality, or some combination of these factors. In addition, given the current downward trend in audit revenues as a percentage of total revenues, our findings could lead accounting firms to re-examine how they market audit services to family firms.

    Citation:

    Ho, J.L., and F.Kang. 2013.Auditor Choice and Audit Fees in Family Firms: Evidence from the S&P 1500.Auditing: A Journal of Practice and Theory32(4): 71-93

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    U.S. Audit Partner Rotations
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 04.0 Independence and Ethics, 05.03 Partner Rotation in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    U.S. Audit Partner Rotations
    Practical Implications:

    This study helps to inform about the effects of audit partner rotations. The evidence suggests that partner rotation does add a fresh look at U.S. audit engagements. The results can also be applied to the U.S. debate over audit firm rotation. It demonstrates that firm rotation is not the only way to add a fresh look to audit engagements and that the current system of audit partner rotation already has a measurable effect.

    Citation:

    Laurion, Henry, A. Lawrence, and J. Ryans. 2017. “U.S. Audit Partner Rotations”. The Accounting Review. 92.3 (2017): 209. 

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Auditor Changes and the Cost of Bank Debt
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 03.0 Auditor Selection and Auditor Changes in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Auditor Changes and the Cost of Bank Debt
    Practical Implications:

    Currently, bank loans account for more than half of the total debt financing in the United States. The results from this study indicate that there is an increase in loan costs for companies within the following year of an auditor change. This is a factor companies should consider when applying for loans after a switch. 

    Citation:

    Francis, Bill B., D. M. Hunter, D. M. Robinson, Michael N. Robinson, and X. Yuan. 2017. “Auditor Changes and the Cost of Bank Debt”. The Accounting Review. 92.3 (2017): 155.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Finding Needles in a Haystack: Using Data Analaytics to...
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 06.02 Fraud Risk Models, 08.09 Impact of Technology on Audit Procedures in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Finding Needles in a Haystack: Using Data Analaytics to Improve Fraud Predication
    Practical Implications:

    Data analytics can be used to create fraud prediction models that help auditors improve audit planning decisions. It can also be used to help regulators identify firms for potential fraud investigation. In particular, the SEC is investing resources to develop better fraud risk models and the results of this study could be useful. 

    Citation:

    Perols, Johan L., R. M. Bowen, C. Zimmermann, and B. Samba. 2017. “Finding Needles in a Haystack: Using Data Analytics to Improve Fraud Prediction”. The Accounting Review. 92.2 (2017): 221.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Investor Reaction to the Prospect of Mandatory Audit Firm...
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 01.06 Impact of PCAOB, 04.07 Audit Firm Rotation in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Investor Reaction to the Prospect of Mandatory Audit Firm Rotation
    Practical Implications:

    The implementation of a mandatory audit firm rotation in the United States would have large implications within the accounting industry. This study provides the PCAOB and other regulators with relevant information regarding the potential policy. The evidence indicates that the majority of investors would have a negative reaction to a mandatory audit firm rotation. It is possible the investors believe the potential benefits of rotation are outweighed by the costs, direct and indirect.

    Citation:

    Reid, Lauren C., and J. V. Carcello. 2017. “Investor Reaction to the Prospect of Mandatory Audit Firm Rotation”. The Accounting Review. 92.1 (2017): 183.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Malleable Standards of Care Required by Jurors When...
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 06.09 Litigation Risk, 11.07 Attempts to Measure Audit Quality in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Malleable Standards of Care Required by Jurors When Assessing Auditor Negligence
    Practical Implications:

    This study is relevant for practitioners, investors, and regulators. It demonstrates to firms that the effectiveness of high audit quality as a defense in litigation may be decreased depending on the timing of jurors’ assessment of SOC. One way to try and lower the probability of jurors’ assessing SOC after receiving audit knowledge is to warn the jury about the potential affects. Simply changing the jurors’ instructions has been found to mitigate the outcome effects.

    Citation:

    Maksymove, Eldar M., and M. W. Nelson. 2017. “Malleable Standards of Care Required by Jurors When Assessing Auditor Negligence”. The Accounting Review. 92.1 (2017): 165.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    The Contagion Effect of Low-Quality Audits at the Level of...
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 03.01 Auditor Qualifications, 11.07 Attempts to Measure Audit Quality in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    The Contagion Effect of Low-Quality Audits at the Level of Individual Auditors
    Practical Implications:

    This study highlights the importance of individual auditor identification in audit reports. The results are also useful for financial information users, regulators, and policymakers to help them understand the impact of an auditor’s characteristics on an audit. The results are especially helpful for firms trying to understand the reasons behind audit failures and subsequently, to mitigate audit failures in the future.

    Citation:

    Li Baolei Qi Gaoliang Tian, Liuchuang, and G. Zhang. 2017. “The Contagion Effect of Low-Quality Audits at the Level of Individual Auditors”. The Accounting Review 92.1 (2017): 137.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Debt Covenant Violations, Firm Financial Distress, and...
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 02.01 Audit Fee Decisions, 02.06 Resignation Decisions, 12.01 Going Concern Decisions in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Debt Covenant Violations, Firm Financial Distress, and Auditor Actions
    Practical Implications:

    The findings from this study impact firms with debt covenant requirements. Violations from debt covenants occur frequently and are often due to tight restrictions rather than signs of financial distress. These types of violations often lead to renegotations or waivers instead of immediate repayment. However, this study shows that auditors will still have negative reactions regardless of whether or not the violation is due to financial difficulty. It is important for firms to not only consider the financial and lending consequences of a violation, but the auditing consequences as well.

    Citation:

    Bhaskar, Lori Shefchik, G. V. Krishnan, and W. Yu.2017. “Debt Covenant Violations, Firm Financial Distress, and Auditor Actions”. Contemporary Accounting Research 34.1 (2017): 186.

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  • Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips
    Auditor Quality and Debt Covenants
    research summary posted June 26, 2017 by Jennifer M Mueller-Phillips, tagged 11.0 Audit Quality and Quality Control, 14.0 Corporate Matters in Auditing Section Research Summaries Space public
    Title:
    Auditor Quality and Debt Covenants
    Practical Implications:

    This paper contains important applications for borrowing firms wanting to have more favorable loan contract terms. By hiring a high-quality auditor this decreases risks for the creditors and therefore oftentimes reduces the stringency of debt covenants. Subsequently, the borrowing firm will violate the debt covenants less.

    Citation:

    Robin, Ashok, Q. Wu, and H. Zhang. 2017. “Auditor Quality and Debt Covenants”. Contemporary Accounting Research 34.1 (2017): 154.

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